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2018-08-31-Biskupin定居点发现85周年-85th Anniversary of the Biskupin Settlement Discovery

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Biskupin定居点发现85周年-85th Anniversary of the Biskupin Settlement Discovery

大号eading跨越一些沼泽田一组学生的东北波兰波兹南90公里,学校的老师Walenty Szwajcer发现的陶器和木方的一些片段。那个夏天水位下降了。起初他认为它们是沉没的房屋的屋顶,但他85年前发现的今天实际上是一个迷失世界的窗口。

橡树和冷杉杆是公元前780年左右铁器时代的防御工事的一部分。它的建造者住在Biskupin半岛,饲养绵羊,山羊,猪,牛和tarpan马。该网站保存完好,Biskupin很快就被称为“波兰庞贝城”。老师将因其非凡的发现而获得波兰政府的无数赞誉,这一点在今天的Doodle中得到了庆祝。

1933年开始挖掘Biskupin的着名考古学家JózefKostrzewski发现了街道,100多所房屋,防波堤和保护定居点的栅栏。该定居点建筑的复杂性改变了我们对铁器时代的理解,使Biskupin在学术文章和教科书中占据了一席之地,甚至在今天。

在后来的挖掘中,保护主义者团队精心修复了旧石器时代至中世纪的500多万件文物。青铜,石头和铁制成的物体为几个世纪前居住在那里的人们的生活提供了重要的见解。Biskupin仍然是欧洲最重要的历史遗迹之一,展示了早期Lusatian文化的成就。

一个博物馆每年迎接超过150,000名游客,其中许多人在教室里首次了解Biskupin,每年一度的节日让这个古老聚居地的历史保持活力。

译文

Leading a group of students across some marshy fields 90 kilometers northeast of Poznan, Poland, school teacher Walenty Szwajcer noticed some fragments of pottery and wooden poles. The water levels had gone down that summer. At first he believed them to be the roofs of sunken houses, but what he discovered 85 years ago today was actually a window into a lost world.

The oak and fir poles were part of a fortified settlement dating from the Iron Age, around 780 B.C. Its builders had lived on the Biskupin peninsula raising sheep, goats, pigs, cattle and tarpan horses. The site was so well-preserved that Biskupin would soon be nicknamed “the Polish Pompeii.” The teacher would received numerous accolades from the Polish government for his extraordinary discovery, which is celebrated in today’s Doodle.

Eminent archaeologist Józef Kostrzewski, who began the excavation of Biskupin in 1933, uncovered streets, more than 100 houses, a breakwater and the palisades that protected the settlement. The sophistication of the settlement’s architecture transformed our understanding of the Iron Age, winning Biskupin a place in scholarly articles and textbooks, even today.

In later excavations, teams of conservationists meticulously recovered more than 5 million artifacts dating from the Paleolithic Age to the Middle Ages. Objects made of bronze, stone, and iron provide crucial insights into the lives of the people who lived there centuries ago. Biskupin remains one of the most important historic sites in Europe, demonstrating the accomplishments of early Lusatian culture.

A museum there welcomes more than 150,000 visitors a year, many of whom first learned of Biskupin in classrooms and an annual festival keeps the history of this ancient settlement alive.

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