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2018-08-09-Mary G. Ross诞辰110周年-Mary G. Ross’ 110th Birthday

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Mary G. Ross诞辰110周年-Mary G. Ross’ 110th Birthday

今天的Doodle庆祝Mary G. Ross诞辰110周年,Mary G. Ross是第一位美国印第安女性工程师,他对航空航天业的主要贡献包括开发行星际太空旅行,载人和无人地球轨道飞行以及轨道卫星的概念。

罗斯出生于1917年的这一天。她的数学技能超越了她对航空和科学的热情,超越了切诺基国家的首席约翰罗斯。在俄克拉荷马州任教9年后,她就读于北科罗拉多大学攻读硕士学位,并热爱天文学和火箭科学。

在第二次世界大战期间,罗斯被洛克希德飞机公司聘为数学家。正是在那里,她被鼓励在1949年从加州大学洛杉矶分校获得航空工程专业认证,之后她成为了最高机密的臭鼬工作团队的40名创始成员之一。她在团队中的工作包括开发行星际太空旅行的初步设计概念(包括飞往金星和火星的飞越任务)和卫星,包括Agena火箭(今天的涂鸦中描绘)。“通常在晚上我们有四个人工作到晚上11点,”她后来回忆道。“我是铅笔推动者,做了很多研究。我最先进的工具是滑尺和弗里登计算机。我们正在接受理论并将其变为现实。”

罗斯还以身作则,通过参与鼓励他们在STEM领域的追求,包括成为女性工程师协会(SWE)的成员,为后代女性和美国印第安人打开了大门。1992年,SWE以Ross的名义设立了奖学金,旨在支持未来的女工程师和技术专家,包括现任谷歌地图工程师Aditi Jain。“不仅仅是金钱,它给了我信心,”在卡内基梅隆大学获得数学和计算机科学学位的杰恩说:“在我获得奖学金之前,我认为自己并不认为自己是工程师。”

这是玛丽·G·罗斯(Mary G. Ross),他是一位为明星而奋斗的先驱,其遗产继续激励着其他人也这样做。


特别感谢Mary G. Ross家族和女工程师协会在这个项目上的合作伙伴关系。Mary G. Ross的侄子Jeff Ross分享了他对阿姨遗产的看法:

罗斯家族很高兴谷歌在她110岁生日时选择玛丽·罗斯(Mary G. Ross)作为涂鸦。玛丽是一位骄傲的切诺基女性,也是约翰罗斯酋长的伟大孙女,她是各地年轻女性和美国印第安人的杰出榜样。她的成就证明了她对教育的决心和热爱。我们作为一个家庭的希望是,她的故事激励年轻人通过科学追求技术事业和改善世界。

女性工程师协会执行董事兼首席执行官Karen Horting也分享了她对Mary G. Ross的看法:

Mary G. Ross不仅是工程领域的先驱,而且作为女性工程师协会的领导者,她激励了无数代表性不足的女性坚持STEM的职业生涯。

译文:

Today’s Doodle celebrates the 110th birthday of Mary G. Ross, the first American Indian female engineer, whose major contributions to the aerospace industry include the development of concepts for interplanetary space travel, manned and unmanned earth-orbiting flights, and orbiting satellites.

Great-great granddaughter to Chief John Ross of the Cherokee Nation, Ross was born on this day in 1917. Her math skills were surpassed only by her passion for aviation and the sciences. After teaching in Oklahoma for 9 years, she attended the University of Northern Colorado to pursue her master’s degree and love for astronomy and rocket science.

During World War II, Ross was hired by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation as a mathematician. It was there that she was encouraged to earn her professional certification in aeronautical engineering from UCLA in 1949, after which she broke new ground as one of the 40 founding members of the top-secret Skunk Works team. Her work on the team included developing initial design concepts for interplanetary space travel (including flyby missions to Venus and Mars) and satellites including the Agena rocket (depicted in today’s Doodle). “Often at night there were four of us working until 11 p.m.,” she later recounted. “I was the pencil pusher, doing a lot of research. My state of the art tools were a slide rule and a Frieden computer. We were taking the theoretical and making it real.”

Leading by example, Ross also opened doors for future generations of women and American Indians by participating in efforts to encourage their pursuits in STEM fields, including being a member and Fellow of the Society of Women Engineers (SWE). In 1992 the SWE established a scholarship in Ross’s name, which aims to support future female engineers and technologists, including Aditi Jain, a current Google Maps engineer. “More than money, it gave me confidence,” says Jain who earned a degree in Math and Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University “I don’t think I considered myself an engineer until I received the scholarship.”

Here’s to Mary G. Ross, a pioneer who reached for the stars and whose legacy continues to inspire others to do the same.


Special thanks to both the family of Mary G. Ross and the Society of Women Engineers for their partnerships on this project. Jeff Ross, nephew of Mary G. Ross, shares his thoughts on his aunt’s legacy:

The Ross family is excited that Google has chosen Mary G. Ross for a Doodle on her 110th birthday. A proud Cherokee woman and the great-great granddaughter of Chief John Ross, Mary is an excellent role model for young women and American Indians everywhere. Her accomplishments are a testament to her determination and love for education. Our hope as a family is that her story inspires young people to pursue a technical career and better the world through science.

Karen Horting, Executive Director & CEO of the Society of Women Engineers also shares her thoughts on Mary G. Ross:

Mary G. Ross was not only a pioneer in the engineering field, but as a Society of Women Engineers leader she inspired countless underrepresented women to persist in careers in STEM.

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